Summary

The type and level of disabilities recognized as needing special cares in the compulsory education expanded through the years after WWII.

The percentage of students in special needs education in elementary and middle schools increased from 1.0% in 1993 to 2.0% in 2007 and to 3.6% in 2015. In 2015, of 362,000 disabled students,

The average size of the special education classes is three students.

The majority of students from special needs classes in regular middle schools attend high school department of special needs schools.

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